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Difenoconazole
Acetamiprid Cartap
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Metalaxyl-M Nicosulfuron
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Products >> Herbicides >> Nicosulfuron

Nicosulfuron

Nicosulfuron 95%TC
Nicosulfuron 75%WG
Nicosulfuron 75%WP
Nicosulfuron 4%OD

Herbicide
HRAC B WSSA 2; sulfonylurea

Nicosulfuron


NOMENCLATURE
Common name nicosulfuron (BSI, ANSI, draft E-ISO); no name (Brazil)
IUPAC name 2-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl)-N,N-dimethylnicotinamide; 1-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-3-(3-dimethylcarbamoyl-2-pyridylsulfonyl)urea
Chemical Abstracts name 2-[[[[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]-N,N-dimethyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
CAS RN [111991-09-4] Development codes SL-950; MU-495 (both Ishihara Sangyo); DPX-V9360 (Du Pont)

Nicosulfuron APPLICATIONS
Biochemistry Branched chain amino acid synthesis (ALS or AHAS) inhibitor. Acts by inhibiting biosynthesis of the essential amino acids valine and isoleucine, hence stopping cell division and plant growth. Maize selectivity derives from selective metabolism (P450-mediated pyrimidine-5-hydroxylation, followed by conjugation with glucose). Mode of action Selective systemic herbicide, absorbed by the foliage and roots, with rapid translocation in xylem and phloem to the meristematic tissues. Uses Selective post-emergence control in maize of annual grass weeds including Setaria, Echinochloa, Digitaria, Panicum, Lolium, and Avena spp., broad-leaved weeds including Amaranthus spp. and Cruciferae, and perennials such as Sorghum halepense and Agropyron repens. Applied at 35-70 g/ha. Formulation types SC; WG. Selected tradenames: 'Accent' (Du Pont); 'Dasul' (Ishihara Sangyo, Syngenta); 'Milagro' (France) (Ishihara Sangyo, Syngenta)

Nicosulfuron OTHER TRADENAMES
'Akizon' (Calliope); 'Elite' (Spain) (Ishihara Sangyo); 'Ghibli' (Italy) (ISK Biosciences); 'Lama' (France) (Ishihara Sangyo, Aventis); 'Mistral' (Ishihara Sangyo, Syngenta); 'Motivel' (Ishihara Sangyo, BASF); 'Nisshin' (Argentina) (Ishihara Sangyo); 'Onehope' (Japan) (Ishihara Sangyo); 'Samson' (Ishihara Sangyo); 'Sanson' (Ishihara Sangyo); 'Yu Nong Le' (Ishihara Sangyo) mixtures: 'Accent Gold' (+ clopyralid+ flumetsulam+ rimsulfuron) (Du Pont); 'Basis Gold' (+ atrazine+ rimsulfuron) (Du Pont); 'Steadfast' (+ rimsulfuron) (Du Pont); 'Ultim' (+ rimsulfuron) (Du Pont); 'Celebrity Plus' (+ dicamba+ diflufenzopyr) (dicamba as sodium salt) (BASF); 'Celebrity' (+ dicamba) (dicamba as sodium salt) (BASF)

Nicosulfuron ANALYSIS
Product by hplc. Methods for sulfonylurea residues in crops, soil and water reviewed (A. C. Barefoot et al., Proc. Br. Crop Prot. Conf. - Weeds, 1995, 2, 707). Details from Ishihara Sangyo.

Nicosulfuron MAMMALIAN TOXICOLOGY
Reviews Material Safety Data Sheets (available from Du Pont). Oral Acute oral LD50 for male and female rats and mice >5000 mg/kg. Skin and eye Acute percutaneous LD50 for male and female rats >2000 mg/kg. Moderate eye irritant; not a skin irritant (rabbits); not a skin sensitiser (guinea pigs). The 75% formulation is not an eye irritant. Inhalation LC50 for rats (4 h) 5.47 mg/l. NOEL In 28 d feeding trials on rats and mice, no adverse effect up to 30 g/kg diet. Other Non-mutagenic in the Ames test. Toxicity class WHO (a.i.) III (Table 5); EPA (formulation) IV

Nicosulfuron ECOTOXICOLOGY
Birds Dietary oral LD50 for bobwhite quail >2250 mg/kg. Dietary LC50 for mallard ducks and bobwhite quail >5620 ppm. Fish LC50 (96 h) for bluegill sunfish and rainbow trout >1000 mg/l. Daphnia LC50 (48 h) >1000 mg/l. Algae NOEC (96 h) for green algae 100 mg/l. Bees LD50 (contact) >20 mg/bee; dietary LC50 (48 h) >1000 ppm. NOEC 500 ppm. Worms LC50 (14 d) for earthworms >1000 mg/kg.

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