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Products >> Herbicides >> Diuron

Diuron

Diuron 95%TC
Diuron 50%SC
,Diuron 80% WDG

Herbicide
HRAC C2 WSSA 7; urea


Diuron


NOMENCLATURE
Common name diuron (BSI, E-ISO, (m) F-ISO, ANSI, WSSA); DCMU (JMAF); dichlorfenidim* (former exception, USSR)
IUPAC name 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea
Chemical Abstracts name N'-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea
CAS RN [330-54-1] EEC no. 206-354-4 Development codes DPX 14740 (Du Pont)

Diuron APPLICATIONS
Biochemistry Photosynthetic electron transport inhibitor at the photosystem II receptor site. Mode of action Systemic herbicide, absorbed principally by the roots, with translocation acropetally in the xylem. Uses Total control of weeds and mosses on non-crop areas, at 10-30 kg a.i./ha. Selective control of germinating grass and broad-leaved weeds in many crops, including asparagus, tree fruit, bush fruit, citrus fruit, vines, olives, pineapples, bananas, sugar cane, cotton, peppermint, alfalfa, forage legumes, cereals, maize, sorghum, and perennial grass-seed crops, at 0.6-4.8 kg/ha. Phytotoxic residues in soil disappear within 1 season at these lower rates. Formulation types SC; WP. Selected tradenames: 'Direx' (Griffin); 'Karmex' (Griffin); 'Cekuron' (Cequisa); 'Diurex' (Makhteshim-Agan); 'Dynex' (Crystal, Cedar); 'Inquiron' (Inquiport); 'Sadiuron'); 'Sanuron' (Sanachem); 'Seduron' (Aventis); 'Unidron' (Unicrop); mixtures: 'Rapir Neu' (+ amitrole) (Bayer)

Diuron OTHER TRADENAMES
'Baron' (Chemiplant); (Agricultura Nacional); 'Cention' (Aventis); 'Crisuron' (Crystal); 'Monex' (Ancom); 'Sanduron' (Sanachem); 'Toterbane' (Diachem); 'Vidiu' (Vipesco) mixtures: 'Krovar' (+ bromacil) (Du Pont); 'Amigo' (+ amitrole) (CFPI Nufarm); 'Anuron' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Ancom); 'Cottonex D' (+ fluometuron) (Makhteshim-Agan); 'Crisquat D' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Crystal); 'Dexuron' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Nomix-Chipman); 'Dirimal' (+ oryzalin) (Dow AgroSciences); 'Diumate' (+ MSMA) (Drexel); 'Dropp Ultra' (+ thidiazuron) (Aventis); 'Duopan' (+ oryzalin) (Dow AgroSciences); 'Ginstar' (+ thidiazuron) (Aventis); 'Gramocil' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Syngenta); 'Herboxone D' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Crystal); 'Kytrol G' (+ amitrole+ bromacil) (CFPI Nufarm); 'Nomix TH 20' (+ glyphosate) (Monsanto); 'Pardy' (+ paraquat dichloride) (Agricultura Nacional); 'Sahara' (+ imazapyr) (BASF); 'Topsite' (+ imazapyr) (BASF); 'Touch? (+ glyphosate) (Nomix-Chipman); 'Trevissimo' (+ glyphosate) (Calliope); 'Trik' (+ 2,4-D+ amitrole) (Mirfield); 'Uracom' (+ amitrole) (Luxan); 'Ustinex G' (+ glyphosate) (Bayer); 'Xanadu' (+ glyphosate) (Monsanto) Discontinued names: 'Dion' * (Makhteshim-Agan) mixtures: 'Novorail' * (+ amitrole+ ethidimuron) (CFPI)

Diuron ANALYSIS
Product analysis by hplc (G. W. Sheehan, Anal. Methods Pestic. Plant Growth Regul., 1984, 13, 227), or by hydrolysis and titration of the amine liberated (CIPAC Handbook, 1980, 1A, 1251), details available from Du Pont. Impurities by tlc (ibid., 1994, F, 336). Residues determined by glc (Anal. Methods Pestic. Plant Growth Regul., 1972, 6, 664; W. E. Bleidner, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1954, 2, 682). Hydrolysis to 3,4-dichloroaniline, a derivative of which is measured colorimetrically, may also be used (H. L. Pease, ibid., 1962, 10, 279; R. L. Dalton & H. L. Pease, J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., 1962, 45, 377). In water, by lc with u.v. detection (AOAC Methods, 1995, 992.14, 10.7.01).

Diuron MAMMALIAN TOXICOLOGY
Oral Acute oral LD50 for rats 3400 mg/kg. Skin and eye Acute percutaneous LD50 for rabbits >2000 mg/kg for 80% DF. Mild eye irritant (WP formulation) (rabbits); non-irritating to intact skin (50% aqueous paste) (guinea pigs). Non-sensitising to skin (guinea pigs). Inhalation LC50 (4 h) for rats >5 mg/l. NOEL (2 y) for rats 250, dogs 125 mg/kg diet (H. C. Hodge et al., Food Cosmet. Toxicol., 1967, 5, 513). ADI (EPA) 0.002 mg/kg. Toxicity class WHO (a.i.) III (Table 5); EPA (formulation) III EC hazard R40| R40| Xn; R22, R48/22| N; R50, R53

ECOTOXICOLOGY
Birds Dietary LC50 (8 d) for bobwhite quail 1730, Japanese quail >5000, mallard ducklings >5000, pheasant chicks >5000 mg/kg diet. Fish LC50 (96 h) for rainbow trout 5.6, bluegill sunfish 5.9, guppies 25 mg/l. Daphnia LC50 (48 h) 12 mg/l. Bees Not toxic to bees.

Diuron ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Animals In mammals, metabolism is principally by hydroxylation and dealkylation (C. Boehme & W. Ernst, Food Cosmet. Toxicol., 1965, 3, 797-802). Plants In plants, diuron undergoes demethylation of the nitrogen atom and hydroxylation at position 2 of the benzene ring. Soil/Environment In soil, enzymic and microbial demethylation of the nitrogen atom and hydroxylation at position 2 of the benzene ring occur. Duration of activity in soil is c. 4-8 mo, depending on soil type and humidity; DT50 90-180 d (G. D. Hill et al., Agron. J., 1955, 47, 93; T. J. Sheets, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1964, 12, 30). Koc 400.

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