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Products >> Herbicides >> Sulfometuron-Methyl

Sulfometuron-Methyl

Sulfometuron-Methyl 95%TC
Sulfometuron-Methyl 20% WDG
Sulfometuron-Methyl 60% WDG

Herbicide
HRAC B WSSA 2; sulfonylurea


Sulfometuron-Methyl


NOMENCLATURE
sulfometuron-methyl
CAS RN [74222-97-2] Development codes DPX T5648 (Du Pont)

sulfometuron
Common name sulfometuron (BSI, E-ISO, (m) F-ISO, ANSI, WSSA)
IUPAC name 2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoylsulfamoyl)benzoic acid; 2-[3-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)ureidosulfonyl]benzoic acid
Chemical Abstracts name 2-[[[[(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoic acid
CAS RN [74223-56-6] Development codes DPX 5648 (Du Pont)

Sulfometuron-Methyl APPLICATIONS

Biochemistry Branched chain amino acid synthesis (ALS or AHAS) inhibitor. Acts by inhibiting biosynthesis of the essential amino acids valine and isoleucine, hence stopping cell division and plant growth. Mode of action Broad-spectrum herbicide, absorbed rapidly by the leaves and roots, with translocation throughout the plant. Uses Control of annual and perennial grasses (especially Sorghum halepense) and broad-leaved weeds in non-crop land. Also used for selective weed control in Bermuda grass and certain other turf grasses; and in forestry to control woody tree species in pine trees. Applied either pre- or post-emergence. Phytotoxicity Not to be applied near desirable trees and plants. Formulation types WG. Compatibility Incompatible with alkaline materials. Selected tradenames: 'Oust' (Du Pont)

OTHER TRADENAMES
sulfometuron-methyl
Mixtures: 'Oustar' (+ hexazinone) (Du Pont)

Sulfometuron-Methyl ANALYSIS
Product and residue analysis by hplc (E. W. Zahnow & T. J. Waeghe, Anal. Methods Pestic. Plant Growth Regul., 1988, 16, 105). Details available from Du Pont.

MAMMALIAN TOXICOLOGY
sulfometuron-methyl
Oral Acute oral LD50 for male rats >5000 mg/kg. Skin and eye Acute percutaneous LD50 for rabbits >2000 mg/kg; slight skin and eye irritant (rabbits). No skin sensitisation (guinea pigs). Inhalation LC50 (4 h) for rats >11 mg/l air. NOEL (2 y) for rats 50 mg/kg diet. In 2-generation reproduction studies, NOEL for rats 500 mg/kg diet. Teratogenicity effects in rats at 1000 mg/kg diet, and in rabbits at 300 mg/kg diet. Toxicity class WHO (a.i.) III (Table 5); EPA (formulation) IV

Sulfometuron-Methyl ECOTOXICOLOGY
Birds Acute oral LD50 for mallard ducks >5000, bobwhite quail >5620 mg/kg. Fish LC50 (96 h) for rainbow trout and bluegill sunfish >12.5 mg/l. Daphnia LC50 >12.5 ppm. Bees Contact LD50 >100 mg/bee.

ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Animals Metabolised to hydroxylated sulfometuron-methyl. Soil/Environment Degraded by microbial action and by hydrolysis. DT50 in soil c. 4 w. Koc 85.

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